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Integrated Imaging Detailed Information Pages 16mm-transfer  ::
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16 mm Film Transferring and History

video transfer

16mm began as a medium for home movies in 1923 after Eastman Kodak spent many years working on a system of movie equipment and film that would be easy enough for the advanced amateur photographer to use, yet reasonably affordable. This effort resulted in the advent of the Sixteen Millimeter "Cine Kodak" Camera and the "Kodascope Projector". In later years a sound track was added on one side of the film, sacrificing one row of perforations. 16 mm film was the format of choice for amateurs with means until the advent of the "Kodak Cine 8" in 1932.

The Film Transfer
16mm film is transferred to a variety of mediums at Integrated Imaging. We use RCA TP-66 projectors set to run at 24 frames per second. This puts each movie frame on 2 then 3 video fields (3-2 pull down). For speeds of 12, 16, and 18 frames per second, we use frame interpolation to correct the frame rate, this technique adds full frames so does not reduce the video quality. These projectors weigh about 500 pounds and have a rock solid picture for an excellent video transfer.
The film is projected into a multiplexer which provides an aerial transfer, meaning the image is projected to a plane in mid air so there is no screen to rob light and color saturation. Our 3 chip digital transfer cameras are then setup to record the aerial image by focusing the lens on the same aerial plane as the projector. This is a tricky optical setup that is well worth the effort as a bright, colorful, and sharp image is the result.
The resulting video signal is sent via "firewire" (at 525 lines of horizontal resolution) to either the transfer computer for DVD or when editing is required, or to a MiniDV recorder. At the same time s-video signals (400 lines of horizontal resolution) are sent to professional SVHS editing decks for SVHS and VHS transfers, and to Hi8 Decks for Hi8 and Video8 transfers. The video signals are monitored at all times to insure the highest quality video that each device and format is capable of recording. Any audio on the 16mm film either optical or magnetic is transferred at the same time and monitored for proper signal strength.

TP-66 16 mm film

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Unsolicited Customer Testimonial:
Dear Ken:

Just a note to thank you and your colleagues for all of your help in transfering old family movies to digital 8 and VHS formats. The transfers and the original film arrived here well packed an intact. And the results were far better than I anticipated or expected. While the project has proved that my grandfather was no D. W. Griffith, the footage recovered and preserved contains many images of family members who are no longer with us, and there are many pleasant and interesting surprises in the content. Much of the footage is from the Great Depression, and the content choices and attitude of the cinemagrapher are a story in themselves: a reflection of that basic optimisim and affection for family that is pecularly American and refreshing to this member of the Me Generation!! Prior to my first viewing, no one had seen these images for over 50 years!! Now, I have to transfer all of this into the computer in DV format, as I have siblings, cousins, aunts and uncles and parents who are very interested in having access to the material!!

So, thanks again to each of your colleagues who handled this project with such care and attention to detail!

James A. W.
Winchester, MA
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