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Regular 8 mm Film Transferring and History


video transfer

History
In 1932 "Cine Kodak Eight" or regular 8 movie film also known as Double 8 and Standard 8, was introduced by the Eastman Kodak Company. Utilizing a special 16mm film which had double the number of perforations on both sides, the film maker would run the film through the camera in one direction, then reload and expose the other side of the film, the way an audio cassette is used today. The film was then slit lengthwise after development in the film processing laboratory, and spliced one end to the other, yielding fifty feet of finished 8 mm movies. Since the 8 mm frame was one-quarter the size of 16 mm film frame, this method reduced by a factor of four the amount of film necessary to give the same running time. The success of 8mm film was almost immediate, and within about fifteen years, 16 mm film became almost exclusively a format of the professional filmmaker. By the 1950's, 8 mm home movie cameras were a common sight at family parties, special events and on vacations. Regular 8 was usually exposed at 18 frames per second, most regular eight film is silent with a few exceptions. The use of Regular 8 film began to decline in the late 1960's due to the advent on the Super8 format.

The Film Transfer
Regular 8mm film is transferred to a variety of mediums at Integrated Imaging. We use modified Eumig and Elmo 8mm projectors set to run at 15 or 20 frames per second. This puts each movie frame on 3 or 4 video fields.
The film is then projected into a multiplexer which provides an aerial transfer, meaning the image is projected to a plane in mid air so there is no screen to rob light and color saturation. Our 3 chip digital transfer cameras are then setup to record the aerial image by focusing the lens on the same aerial plane as the projector. This is a tricky optical setup that is well worth the effort as a bright, colorful, and sharp image is the result.
The resulting video signal is sent via "firewire" (at 525 lines of resolution) to either the transfer computer for DVD or when editing is required, or to MiniDV and Digital8 recorders. At the same time s-video signals (400 lines of horizontal resolution) are sent to professional SVHS editing decks for SVHS and VHS transfers, and to Hi8 Decks for Hi8 and Video8 transfers. The video signals are monitored at all times to insure the highest quality video that each device and format is capable of recording.
Regular 8 FilmEumig Projector


Unsolicited Customer Testimonial:
Ken,

Thanks for the last set of tapes you converted for me. I was able to view them along with my family on memorial day, they turned out great! This is another set and am looking forward to viewing them as soon as they're complete. Please send me an e mail with the total cost and I will send the payment.
Sincerely,

William Bettis
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